Discover how the new smoke alarm legislation affects you.

The new smoke alarm legislation affects every rental property in Queensland. Landlords and property managers must ensure that their rental properties comply before 1st January 2022. QFES have advised that the penalty for non-compliance is $500 and will be strictly enforced.

This legislation change will cost Queensland landlords approximately $400 million.

The cost to affected landlords will be between $500 – $2000 per property.

Together we can dramatically reduce the cost of compliance for all Queensland landlords.

Rental Properties

By 1st January 2022, smoke alarms in every Queensland rental property must be:

  • Installed in every bedroom of the property

  • Must be 240v hardwired or 10 year lithium alarms – 9v alarms will not be allowed

  • Must be photoelectric alarms – ionisation alarms (the most common form of alarm) will not be allowed

  • Must be interconnected so that if one alarms sounds, they all do

For most landlords, this will mean that every current smoke alarm must be replaced and new ones installed – as very few rental properties have interconnected, photoelectric alarms inside bedrooms.  Depending on the number of bedrooms and storeys in the property this could cost between $500 – $2,000.

Current Legislation

New smoke alarm laws commenced on 1st January 2017 and apply to every residential rental property in Queensland.

The existing landlord’s obligations regarding the installation and testing of smoke alarms (within 30 days prior to every new lease renewal and lease change) continue.

How many smoke alarms are required?

The minimum legal requirement is that:

  • In hallways which connect bedrooms and the rest of the dwelling; or

  • If there is no hallway, between the bedrooms and other parts of the storey; and

  • If there are no bedrooms on a storey at least one smoke alarm must be installed in the most likely path of travel to exit the dwelling

Where practicable smoke alarms must be placed on the ceiling.  Smoke alarms must not be placed:

  • Within 300mm of a corner of a ceiling and a wall

  • Within 300mm of a light fitting

  • Within 400mm of an air-conditioning vent

  • Within 400mm of the blades of a ceiling fan

What type of smoke alarms are required?

When replacing smoke alarms, they must be of a photoelectric type and must comply with Australian Standard (AS) 3786-2014.

Additional Requirements

Smoke alarms manufactured more than 10 years ago must be replaced

Smoke alarms that do not operate when tested must be replaced immediately

Existing hard wired smoke alarms that need replacement must be replaced with a hardwired smoke alarm

Rental Properties – Queensland

New Legislation

From 1st January 2022

HOW MANY SMOKE ALARMS ARE REQUIRED?

Smoke alarms must be installed on each storey:

  • In every bedroom

  • In hallways which connect bedrooms and the rest of the dwelling; or

  • If there is no hallway, between the bedrooms and other parts of the storey; and

  • If there are no bedrooms on a storey at least one smoke alarm must be installed in the most likely path of travel to exit the dwelling

Where practicable smoke alarms must be placed on the ceiling.  Smoke alarms must not be placed:

  • Within 300mm of a corner of a ceiling and a wall

  • Within 300mm of a light fitting

  • Within 400mm of an air-conditioning vent

  • Within 400mm of the blades of a ceiling fan

If impractical for the prescribed location requirements to be met (e.g. may be affected by steam from shower or fumes from cooking), the owner may put the alarm at another location that will provide a warning to occupants of the dwelling.

WHAT TYPE OF SMOKE ALARMS ARE REQUIRED?

Smoke alarms must be of a photoelectric and must comply with Australian Standard (AS) 3786-2014

Smoke alarms must be either hardwired or powered by a non-removable 10 year battery

Smoke alarms must not contain an ionisation sensor

Smoke alarms must be less than 10 years old

Smoke alarms must operate when tested

All smoke alarms must be interconnected with every other smoke alarm in the dwelling so they all activate together.

Existing Dwellings – Queensland

Current Legislation

New smoke alarm laws commenced on 1st January 2017 and apply to every residential property in Queensland.

HOW MANY SMOKE ALARMS ARE REQUIRED?

The minimum legal requirement is that:

  • In hallways which connect bedrooms and the rest of the dwelling; or

  • If there is no hallway, between the bedrooms and other parts of the storey; and

  • If there are no bedrooms on a storey at least one smoke alarm must be installed in the most likely path of travel to exit the dwelling

Where practicable smoke alarms must be placed on the ceiling.  Smoke alarms must not be placed:

  • Within 300mm of a corner of a ceiling and a wall

  • Within 300mm of a light fitting

  • Within 400mm of an air-conditioning vent

  • Within 400mm of the blades of a ceiling fan

If impractical for the prescribed location requirements to be met (e.g. may be affected by steam from shower or fumes from cooking), the owner may put the alarm at another location that will provide a warning to occupants of the dwelling.

What type of smoke alarms are required?

When replacing smoke alarms, they must be of a photoelectric type and must comply with Australian Standard (AS) 3786-2014.

ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS

Smoke alarms manufactured more than 10 years ago must be replaced

Smoke alarms that do not operate when tested must be replaced immediately

Existing hard wired smoke alarms that need replacement must be replaced with a hardwired smoke alarm

If you have a specific question or require advice, our smoke alarm experts are here to assist you.

Existing Dwellings – Queensland

New Legislation

From 1st January 2022

HOW MANY SMOKE ALARMS ARE REQUIRED?

The minimum legally requirement is that:

Smoke alarms must be installed on each storey:

  • In every bedroom

  • In hallways which connect bedrooms and the rest of the dwelling; or

  • If there is no hallway, between the bedrooms and other parts of the storey; and

  • If there are no bedrooms on a storey at least one smoke alarm must be installed in the most likely path of travel to exit the dwelling

Where practicable smoke alarms must be placed on the ceiling.  Smoke alarms must not be placed:

  • Within 300mm of a corner of a ceiling and a wall

  • Within 300mm of a light fitting

  • Within 400mm of an air-conditioning vent

  • Within 400mm of the blades of a ceiling fan

If impractical for the prescribed location requirements to be met (e.g. may be affected by steam from shower or fumes from cooking), the owner may put the alarm at another location that will provide a warning to occupants of the dwelling.

WHAT TYPE OF SMOKE ALARMS ARE REQUIRED?

Smoke alarms must be of a photoelectric and must comply with Australian Standard (AS) 3786-2014

Smoke alarms must be either hardwired or powered by a non-removable 10 year battery

Smoke alarms must not contain an ionisation sensor

Smoke alarms must be less than 10 years old

Smoke alarms must operate when tested

All smoke alarms must be interconnected with every other smoke alarm in the dwelling so they all activate together.

Properties Being Sold – Queensland

Current Legislation

New smoke alarm laws commenced on 1st January 2017 and apply to every residential property in Queensland.

Property sellers must lodge a Form 24 with the Queensland Land Registry Office stating the requirements of the smoke alarm legislation have been met.

HOW MANY SMOKE ALARMS ARE REQUIRED?

The minimum legal requirement is that:

  • In hallways which connect bedrooms and the rest of the dwelling; or

  • If there is no hallway, between the bedrooms and other parts of the storey; and

  • If there are no bedrooms on a storey at least one smoke alarm must be installed in the most likely path of travel to exit the dwelling

Where practicable smoke alarms must be placed on the ceiling.  Smoke alarms must not be placed:

  • Within 300mm of a corner of a ceiling and a wall

  • Within 300mm of a light fitting

  • Within 400mm of an air-conditioning vent

  • Within 400mm of the blades of a ceiling fan

If impractical for the prescribed location requirements to be met (e.g. may be affected by steam from shower or fumes from cooking), the owner may put the alarm at another location that will provide a warning to occupants of the dwelling.

What type of smoke alarms are required?

When replacing smoke alarms, they must be of a photoelectric type and must comply with Australian Standard (AS) 3786-2014.

ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS

Smoke alarms manufactured more than 10 years ago must be replaced

Smoke alarms that do not operate when tested must be replaced immediately

Existing hard wired smoke alarms that need replacement must be replaced with a hardwired smoke alarm

Properties Being Sold – Queensland

New Legislation

From 1st January 2022

HOW MANY SMOKE ALARMS ARE REQUIRED?

Smoke alarms must be installed on each storey:

  • In every bedroom

  • In hallways which connect bedrooms and the rest of the dwelling; or

  • If there is no hallway, between the bedrooms and other parts of the storey; and

  • If there are no bedrooms on a storey at least one smoke alarm must be installed in the most likely path of travel to exit the dwelling

Where practicable smoke alarms must be placed on the ceiling.  Smoke alarms must not be placed:

  • Within 300mm of a corner of a ceiling and a wall

  • Within 300mm of a light fitting

  • Within 400mm of an air-conditioning vent

  • Within 400mm of the blades of a ceiling fan

If impractical for the prescribed location requirements to be met (e.g. may be affected by steam from shower or fumes from cooking), the owner may put the alarm at another location that will provide a warning to occupants of the dwelling.

WHAT TYPE OF SMOKE ALARMS ARE REQUIRED?

Smoke alarms must be of a photoelectric and must comply with Australian Standard (AS) 3786-2014

Smoke alarms must be either hardwired or powered by a non-removable 10 year battery

Smoke alarms must not contain an ionisation sensor

Smoke alarms must be less than 10 years old

Smoke alarms must operate when tested

All smoke alarms must be interconnected with every other smoke alarm in the dwelling so they all activate together.

New Dwellings & Dwellings Being Substantially Renovated – Queensland

Current Legislation

New smoke alarm laws commenced on 1st January 2017.  The development approval process for new dwellings and substantial renovations will ensure that building approvals received on or after this date will bring dwellings into compliance with the new laws.

HOW MANY SMOKE ALARMS ARE REQUIRED?

Smoke alarms must be installed on each storey:

  • In every bedroom

  • In hallways which connect bedrooms and the rest of the dwelling; or

  • If there is no hallway, between the bedrooms and other parts of the storey; and

  • If there are no bedrooms on a storey at least one smoke alarm must be installed in the most likely path of travel to exit the dwelling

Where practicable smoke alarms must be placed on the ceiling.  Smoke alarms must not be placed:

  • Within 300mm of a corner of a ceiling and a wall

  • Within 300mm of a light fitting

  • Within 400mm of an air-conditioning vent

  • Within 400mm of the blades of a ceiling fan

If impractical for the prescribed location requirements to be met (e.g. may be affected by steam from shower or fumes from cooking), the owner may put the alarm at another location that will provide a warning to occupants of the dwelling.

What type of smoke alarms are required?

Smoke alarms must be of a photoelectric and must comply with Australian Standard (AS) 3786-2014

Smoke alarms must be hardwired to the mains power supply with a secondary power source (i.e. battery)

Smoke alarms must not contain an ionisation sensor

Smoke alarms must be less than 10 years old

All smoke alarms must be interconnected with every other smoke alarm in the dwelling so they all activate together.